VP5500

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The VP5500 booting
The Philips VP5500 is a WLAN VOIP- & Video Phone sold by KPN in the netherlands. Some of the features, such as configuration settings for the VOIP connection are usually hidden from the user, but can be revealed through a fake firmware image (description here). Thanks to this restriction the device was rendered useless when KPN decided to disconnect the VOIP services this phone was relieing on.

This article intends to collect all relevant information about the hard- & software on the telephone and to provide information to actually reuse the hardware.

Hardware[Bearbeiten]

  • CPU: MC9328MX21 @ 266MHz (ARM9 Core)
  • FS455LF: PAL Video converter chip
  • Wlan: Marvell 88w8385 (OSS driver, Datasheet)
  • RAM: 64MB (2x K4S56163LF)
  • Flash: 16MB
  • Display: 176x220, Samsung LTS220Q1
  • Kamera: Chicony dc-4626.a5
  • Audio Codec: TI TLV 320 AIC 12K

VP6500 Ladeschaltung[Bearbeiten]

  • Texas Instruments BQ22400 Lade IC
  • Philips PMWD20XN Mosfet

Die Ladeschaltung ist extrem Akku-schädlich: Der Lade-IC wird ohne Temperatursensor verwendet, und hat keine Delta-Peak abschaltung. Als Abschaltungsmodi bleiben also nur die Absolutspannung und ein Ladetimer. Da man eigentlich NiMH-Akkus nicht mit reiner Spannungsabschaltung laden kann (was hat TI da geritten?!?) bleibt also nur der Lade-timer. Wenn man das Telefon in die Ladeschale stellt beginnt es jedes mal einen neuen Ladezyklus (der Prozessor hat da keinen Einfluss drauf, der Lade-IC macht das halt so). Dadurch werden die Akkus jedes mal extrem überladen (nur der timer schaltet ab), und haben eine kurze Lebensdauer.

Workarounds:

  • Das Telefon nur in die Ladeschale stellen, wenn es anfängt, sich über den leeren Akku zu beschweren.
  • Thermistor nach Datenblatt des ICs dazu fummeln (ziemlich aufwändig, alleine das Außeinanderbauen des dummen Phones ist der totale Krampf). Ich hab das aber jetzt mal gemacht. Ich hab zwischen Pins 5 und 7 des ICs einen 18k-Widerstand hinzugefügt, und eine Thermistor zwischen GND und Pin5, den ich aus nem Notebookakku ausgeschlachtet habe. Mal sehen ob es funktioniert.
  • Die Ladeschaltung totlegen (die untere Induktivität auf der Platine auslöten sollte reichen, habe ich allerdings nicht ausprobiert), und die Akkus wenn sie wirklich leer sind in einem normalen Ladegerät laden. Eine kleine Erhaltungladung bekommen sie im VP6500 trotzdem wegen eines 150-Ohm Widerstands zwischen +5V und Akku+. Auf die Art kann man das Telefon in die Ladeschale stellen ohne die Akkus zu zerstören.

GPIO Interfaces[Bearbeiten]

The script /usr/local/tmp/HD1_ats.sh is a test script for the developers. This script contains a lot of information about how to control peripheral devices of the phone (such as backlight). The VP6500 has /user_data/prod/HC1V00_ats.sh instead (and symlinks HC1_ats.sh and prod_ats.sh in the same directory).

Pinning[Bearbeiten]

Serial[Bearbeiten]

serial pins beneath the battery

Vp5500 serial.png

VCC: 3.3V, Rate 115200 Baud

  • Step 1

Connect a serial USB uart as shown above.

  • Step 2

Set TIN pin low state.

  • Step 3

Use any terminal programm to see the kernel bootlog. You should see:

imx21 login: 

But you don't know the login.

  • Step 4

Shutdown the phone.

  • Step 5

The bootloader stops as soons as it sees characters on the UART interface. Pressing buttons on the phone doesn't work ! Hit your keyboard and press the power button on the phone. You should see the bootloader console:

blob> 

Fortunately the bootloader allows editing the kernel command line, so you're able to directly "chroot" the device by setting a different initrc (sh).

  • Step 6

Type the following at the bootloader prompt:

boot root=/dev/mtdblock2 init=/bin/sh


JTAG[Bearbeiten]

Vp5500 jtag.jpg

Pins are at the back of the circuit board.

Partitions[Bearbeiten]

0x00000000-0x00014000 : "bootloader"    blob version 2.0.5-pre2
0x00014000-0x00100000 : "kernel"        /boot (?)
0x00100000-0x01ce0000 : "fs #1"         /
0x01ce0000-0x01fe0000 : "fs #2"         /user_data
0x01fe0000-0x02000000 : "fs #3"         /user_settings

Drivers & Software[Bearbeiten]

Audio[Bearbeiten]

  • Looks as if the audio codec in use needs a proprietary driver

Sound files[Bearbeiten]

The sound files can be found in /usr/local/etc/SystemRingTones/ and are mono wave files with a sample rate of 16khz

MPEG en/decoder[Bearbeiten]

  • Hantrop MPEG EN- DECODER, kernel module: hmp4e

Camera[Bearbeiten]

Wlan[Bearbeiten]

Framebuffer[Bearbeiten]

This shows an example of the visible (white are w/ logo) vs. virtual (striped) framebuffer size

Although the display is 176x220, the framebuffer has a virtual size of 240x220 pixels.

Creating an own splash image[Bearbeiten]

  • Create an image with 240x220 pixels in size
    • Note: The on-screen visible area of this image is in the upper left corner with a size of 176x220 (actual display size). Furthermore the image is flipped upside down.
  • Save it as RGB565 Bitmap (=5b for R, 6b for G, 5b for B) (gimp can do this for you)
  • Strip off the BMP header:
  tail -c 105600 your_bitmap.bmp > your_splasimage.bin
  • Copy your shiny new splash image to /user_data/data/welcome.rgb565

2nd Splash image[Bearbeiten]

Example bootlogo

The 2nd image is an animated GIF file and can be found in /usr/local/pics/qpe/splash.gif

Direct drawing to framebuffer[Bearbeiten]

Drawing to framebuffer in C is quite easy. Open /dev/fb and create a mmap on it. Then cast the pointer to short:

int fb_nr = open("/dev/fb", O_RDWR);
void* fb_void = mmap(0, 2*240*220, PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED , fb_nr, 0);
short* fb = (short*) fb_void;

Then you can simply access every Pixel via fb[240 * y + x]. The packing is the same (rgb565) as described above.

Buttons[Bearbeiten]

The buttons are accessable via /dev/buttons. While you open this device qtopia does not handle Input at the same time. Each key-event results in byte from /dev/buttons. One on pressing (make-code) and one on releasing (break-code) the button. The break-code is always make + 0x80. Here is a list of the make-codes:

Button make
left action 0x7c
right action 0x42
OK 0x74
left 0x69
right 0x6a
up 0x67
down 0x6c
pick up 0x57
hang up 0x58
numpad n 0x01 +n
numpad * 0x37
numpad 0 0x0b
numpad # 0x54
video 0x40
magnify 0x5a

Software[Bearbeiten]

GPL-Sources (incomplete)[Bearbeiten]

Bootloader (Blob)[Bearbeiten]

Root FS & Toolchain[Bearbeiten]

According to the boot log, the root fs is derived from some sample source code for the iMX21 development platform.

Kernel[Bearbeiten]

Version: 2.4.20

Misc[Bearbeiten]

To run the applications in /usr/local/bin, run export QTDIR=/usr/local first.

Boot process[Bearbeiten]

Scripts & programs run at boot time:

  • /etc/rc.d/rcS
  • /etc/rc.d/init.d/*
  • /usr/local/startup/daemon.sh (invoked by inittab)
    • qpe
    • upgraded
    • netsyncd

Networking stuff[Bearbeiten]

WPA Settings can be configured by editing the file /etc/marvell/wpa_supplicant.conf and /etc/marvell/iwconfig (vi is installed).
Important: All lines have two withspaces in front of it ! Using a different whitespace count will not work ! Example wpa_supplicant.conf:

network={
  ssid="your_ssid"
  scan_ssid=1
  proto=WPA
  key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
  pairwise=TKIP
  group=TKIP
  psk="your_passphrase"
}

After altering wpa_supplicant.conf, you'll need to set the correct value for the ssid field in /etc/marvell/iwconfig.

The default configuration restricts WPA Supplicant to operate only in WPA1 mode. WPA2 can be enabled by changing the configuration as follows:

network={
  ssid="your_ssid"
  scan_ssid=1
  #proto=WPA
  key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
  #pairwise=TKIP
  #group=TKIP
  psk="your_passphrase"
}

Note: After above changes are applied, the "registration" application will behave a little different: It'll always prompt a list with wifi networks, asking you to select one. If you select the default choice (which is the one you set up in wpa_supplicant.conf), the registration application tries to be "smart" and will disable the WPA option.

In order to enable the WPA option again, do not choose your essid, but select the option "Add Wifi Network" and type the name of your network, then select "WPA".

Configuration[Bearbeiten]

For Sipgate:

SIP1

Display Name: your Name

User Name: your SIP-ID

Telephone Number: Tel.Nr.

Auth

Authentification UserName: your SIP-ID

Password: Sipgate Password

Server

SIP register address:port: sipgate.de:5060

Proxy

SIP proxy1 address:port: sipgate.de:5060

SIP2

SIP Port Listen

for UDP: 5062

for TCP: 5062

for TCP TLS: 5053

STUN

[X] use rport

SIP Outbound needs to be empty.

30-second bug[Bearbeiten]

In some setups the phone will send a SIP BYE message and terminate an incoming call after 30 seconds for some reason - presumably because it expects some special message from the SIP Server.

You need to edit /user_data/data/hpr0userparam.cfg and set the value of OPTIONS_KEEP_ALIVE to 0.

Making Backups[Bearbeiten]

If you want to make a backup of your root partition, you can do as follows:

echo '#!/bin/sh' > /tmp/backup.sh
echo 'cat /dev/mtdb2' >> /tmp/backup.sh
chmod 700 /tmp/backup.sh
micro_inetd 31337 /tmp/backup.sh

This'll make your device listen for incoming connections on port 31337. On your host system you may then simply run "nc ip.of.your.phone 31337 > /path/to/backup/file" - et voilà, you got your rootfs packed into a file. Note that the backed up file is not ext2, but a jffs2 formatted filesystem. These can't be handled by a simple "mount -o loop" as you'd have thought... so here's how you mount it:

modprobe jffs2
modprobe mtdram total_size=32768 erase_size=128
modprobe mtdblock
mkdir /tmp/phone-root
mknod /tmp/phone-mtdb2 b 31 0
dd if=/your/backup/file of=/tmp/phone-mtdb2
mount -t jffs2 /tmp/phone-mtdb2 /tmp/phone-root

This was easy, wasn't it? ;)

Malfunctions on VP6500[Bearbeiten]

Red light of death[Bearbeiten]

Symptoms[Bearbeiten]

  • Flashing Keypad for a few seconds (2-3 times)
  • Red constant camera light
  • NOTHING

Links[Bearbeiten]